- Compressed body language
- Tucked tail
- Whale eye
- Depressed state, lazy, dissociated
- Disinterested in surroundings
- Hyperactivity/hyper-friendliness with strangers
- Insecure attachment with owner, "velcro" dog
- Separation anxiety
- Compliance when owner is within reach, disobedience at a "safe" distance from owner
- Alert with bright eyes and engaged ears
- High or medium high tail, medium or relaxed muscle tone
- Relaxed facial tone
- Expressive and expanded body language (vs. compressed)
- Open, relaxed jaw, jowls, mouth, and tongue
- Willingness to play, engage, tug on toys
- Interested in surroundings and even distracted by surroundings, depending on their level of training and the skill of the handler
- Compliance through motivation, and compliance at distance from owner
So I guess the question is, do you have a dog with emotional baggage, fear of people, who is compliant/obedience due to their insecurity? Or do you have a confident dog who is willing to train in a state of drive, guided by their natural motivations of play and prey drive?
I've met owners with newly adopted dogs who supposedly have perfect recall as soon as they come home. This is usually a sign of insecurity and fear compliance. The issue here is that once the dog builds a sense of safety and confidence, their recall will go to shit and the owner will have no idea why. A confident dog needs A LOT of training to pay attention to their handler instead of being drawn towards other dogs, other people, prey, and being distracted by new environments.
The most critical issue to attend to while training your dog: Are they in the right emotional state? And if not, how can you create the right emotional state?